Regional Seats of Government
Kelvedon Hatch Nuclear Bunker
Regional Seats of Government or RSGs were the best known aspect of Britain's Civil Defence preparations against Nuclear War.
In fact, naming conventions changed over the years as strategies in Whitehall changed. In the aftermath of the nuclear attack on Hiroshima and the Russian acquisition of the Atom bomb, it was clear that London could not survive a nuclear bombardment. Although considerable effort still went into secret construction of Military citadels under London, the solution was to disperse the machinery of Government into small pieces in the provinces, where there would be a greater chance of survival.
Experiments along these lines had, in fact, taken place during World War II, when a system of Regional Commissioners did exist, and key departments were moved out of London to Bath, Harrogate, Cheltenham and Birmingham among others. However the idea of a Regional Commissioner dated back to the First World War and the 1926 General Strike.